Why can prokaryotic cells be smaller than eukaryotic cells and still carry on the same functions?
Why can prokaryotic cells be smaller than eukaryotic cells and still carry on the same functions? How can prokaryotic cells be so much smaller than eukaryotic cells, but still carry on the same functions of life, i.e. metabolizing, etc.?Submitted: 1559 days ago
1. Prokaryotes are small, so they don't require many resources or much space.
2. They are diverse, so they can occupy many niches.
3. They have the ability to reproduce quickly.
4. They can evolve quickly because of their fast generation time.
5. Prokaryotes have a larger surface area to volume ratio giving them a higher metabolic rate, a higher growth rate and consequently a shorter generation time compared to Eukaryotes.
Well, first of all, we need to recognize that prokaryotic cells are fairly evolutionarily "simple". Those they can reproduce and metabolize, the structures and processes they possess to do such functions are often rudimentary and less effective than those of a eukaryotic cell.
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